Does it ever seem like no matter how hard you try; you just can’t save money? Whether it’s a medical emergency or your car breaks down, paying out of pocket can drain your savings account dry. So, if you’re determined to start building a portfolio, you need to know how to invest. There’s a right and a wrong way to go about it. When things go right, you watch your money grow and can then think about building a solid portfolio. However, when things go wrong, you can lose a lot more money than you had to begin with.

Start Now

It’s never too early to start investing. The younger you are, the more time you have to build up a nest egg for retirement. Compound earnings, which means any money you invest will eventually grow over time. That’s not to say the stock market won’t ebb and flow; however, if you start early enough, you’ll have decades for your money to grow.

Pick an Amount

The amount you invest depends on how much you have and what your goals are. You also need to know when you would want to cash out for retirement. Depending on your age and how much money you have to spare, you should try to invest 10 percent to 15 percent of your salary each year. If you have other investment goals in mind, you should consider the timeline. Once you’ve done that, break your investment amounts into weekly or monthly segments until you reach your goal.

Consider an Investment Account

If you’re only contributing to a retirement fund through work, you should think about opening an investment account. IRAs are usually a good choice when saving for old age. However, if you have other investment goals in mind, you can consider a brokerage account or even start investing in penny stocks. Penny stocks are a type of stock that typically trades for less than $10.00 and trades outside NASDAQ. If you’re not familiar with how to get started, you can review a guide about penny stocks for beginners. You’ll learn the best penny stocks to buy when you’re just starting out.

Learn About Investing

As exciting as it is to start investing, you really need to take some time and learn about the investing process and the different types of investments you can make. You should also dedicate some time to learning about the possibility of loss and being prepared for market downtown or crash. You need to know the different types of financial instruments you can choose from and how to make sound financial decisions that will help your money grow. Stocks, for example, are also called equities.

Buying stock is pretty straightforward. You choose a company and then purchase shares of ownership. The hope is that as the company grows, so will it’s worth. If this happens, your stock also becomes more valuable. Stocks can be bought for a relatively low price or for several thousands. This depends on the type of stock and which company you’re buying it from. It’s always a good idea to research any company you’re thinking about investing in. Analyzing the market and observing the stocks fluctuating can be a reason of fear for the stock trading newbies who want to invest in a company but the stock market is all about risks and research. Stay constantly updated by following market news and guidelines on sources such as and by utilizing a portfolio tracker to monitor your investments.

Mutual funds are another option you should consider. They are a combination of financial products and can be bought in a single transaction. If you go with mutual funds, you can create a diverse portfolio, which carries less risk than buying individual stock. There are two types of mutual funds; active and passive. The overall performance of a mutual fund depends on how it’s managed. Active funds usually have someone in charge who makes investing decisions to outperform a benchmark. Passive funds work a little differently. These funds are invested to align with a specific benchmark. The most popular types include index and ones that are exchange traded.

Bonds work a little different than stocks or mutual funds. Think of bonds as if they’re a loan, which you agree to repay in a specific amount of time. Prior to that date, you get to keep the interest that accrues during that period. Typically, bonds are more secure than stocks because you know how much you’ll be earning and when it will occur. However, the return in bonds is lower than with stocks, so they should only account for a small portion of your portfolio.

Create a Strategy

How you invest again depends on how much money you have, your goals and how much you’ll need to reach them. If you’re trying to save for retirement, say in 25 to 30 years, and you want to make your money last, you can put most of your money in stock. However, knowing which to buy can be confusing, not to mention overwhelming if you make the wrong decision on the other hand, if you have short-term goals and know you’ll need money in the next five to 10 years, you’re better off putting your money in a high-yielding savings account.